Adelard of Bath
(fl. Early 12th century)
English scholastic philosopher and early interpreter of Arabic
Adelard translated into Latin an Arabic version of Euclid's Elements,
which for centuries served as the chief geometry textbook in the West.
He studied and taught in France and travelled in Italy, Cilicia,
Syria, Palestine and perhaps also Spain (c. 1110-25) before returning
to Bath, England, and becoming a teacher of the future King Henry II.
In his Platonizing dialogue De eodem et diverso ("On Sameness and
Diversity"), his atomism and his attempt to reconcile the reality
of universals with the individuals distinguish him from other
Platonists. His Quaestiones naturales (76 discussions of human nature,
meteorology, astronomy, botany and zoology) are based on Arabic
science. His other writings include works on the abacus and the
astrolabe and a translation of an Arabic astronomical table.
Source: Encyclopaedia Brittanica
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